India proposes to build 100 Smart Cities. The Urban and Development Ministry has recently finalized 20 cities and aims to invest Rs 50,802 crore over a period of five years through a public-private-partnership (PPP) model. The city of Bhubaneswar topped the first list of 20 cities to be developed as Smart Cities. Such cities would not only provide basic infrastructure but offer a good quality of living through smart solutions. The Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for the Bhubaneswar smart city would have paid up capital of Rs 250 crore and authorised capital of Rs 500 crore. The equity of the SPV company is being shared by the government of Odisha, Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation (BMC) and Bhubaneswar Development Authority (BDA) on 45:45:10 basis.
Bhubaneswar has employed an extensive citizen engagement process to guide its journey for transformation to a smarter city. Building upon the input received from the citizens, the overall approach focuses on promoting Smart Growth supported by sound economic development principles; while at the same time, directing investment in initiatives that promote sustainability, inclusiveness and liveability by leveraging technology as an enabler.
Based on the citizen feedback received during Round 1 of the engagement initiative, Mobility and Waste Management as Pan-City Smart solutions and Town Centre as Smart District were selected to create an implementable Strategic Plan.
Furthermore, building upon the 24 Smart City Features identified by the Government of India’s Smart Cities Mission, Bhubaneswar shaped its approach around the following 7 ‘Smart City Pillars’ to align the citizen’s aspirations and needs with city systems.
Governance- Citizen Participation, Intelligent Government Services
City Planning and Design-Mixed Land Use, Compact Cities
Water: Water Supply, Water Management
SWM: Waste Management
Sanitation: Sanitation, Waste water management
Energy : Energy Supply, Energy Source, Energy Efficiency, Underground Electric wires
ICT: IT Connectivity
1 Urban Mobility- Street Design, Public Transport
2 Shelter- Inclusive Housing
3 Economic Development-Economy and Employment
4 Social Development- Identity and Culture, Education, Health, Open Spaces, Safety and Security, Air quality