Jul 15 2017 | Focus

TRADE ZONE

Indian Ports handle around 90% by volume & 70% of value of the country’s export import cargo. As the capacity augmentation of the Ports is an ongoing activity, over the period the capacity has increased to meet the growing trade requirements. The installed capacity of the Ports has gone up from 1312 MTPA (2012-13) to 1716 MTPA in 2015-16. Similarly, Cargo traffic handled by the Ports has gone up from 934 MT in 2012-13 to 1072 MT in 2015-16. Sandeep Sharma examines the Ports and Shipping sector...

Minister of State for Shipping, Pon Radhakrishnan had informed the Lok Sabha couple of month’s back that the average turnaround time of Major Ports has come down from 4 days in 2014-15 to 3.42 days in the current year (upto January, 2017).  The Government is focussing on improving efficiency of the Ports and benchmarking them to international standards.

SAGARMALA PROGRAMME

Under Sagarmala Programme, 415 projects, at an estimated investment of approximately  Rs.8 Lac Crore, have been identified across port modernization & new port development, port connectivity enhancement, port-linked industrialization and coastal community development for phase wise implementation over the period 2015 to 2035. As part of the Sagarmala Programme, 6 new port locations have been identified, namely - Vadhavan, Enayam, Sagar Island, Paradip Outer Harbour, Sirkazhi and Belekeri.

The currentstatus of each of the proposed new port is as follows:

New Port Location

State

Status (As of March 2017)

Sagar Island

West Bengal

Approval obtained for setting up Major Port at Sagar Island. DPR prepared.Viability being re-examined in view of announcement of new port at Tajpur by State Govt. of West Bengal.

Paradip Outer Harbour

Odisha

DPR under preparation.

Sirkhazi

Tamil Nadu

Techno Economic Feasibility Report(TEFR) prepared.

Enayam

Tamil Nadu

In principle approval  obtained for setting up Major Port at Enayam. DPR under preparation.

Belikeri

Karnataka

Techno Economic Feasibility Report (TEFR) prepared.

Vadhavan

Maharashtra

DPR under preparation.

The Union Minister of Shipping, Road Transport & Highways Nitin Gadkari has recently said that an investment of Rs 2.5 lakh crore is targeted in the state of Tamil Nadu under Sagarmala programme. The minister has said that Rs.39,000 crore will be for port modernization, Rs.55,000 crore for port connectivity and Rs.1,50,000 crore for port led industrialization.

COASTAL SHIPPING / INLAND TRANSPORT / CRUISE REFORMS
India boasts of a rich coastline covering 7500 km and almost 14,000 km of navigable rivers. These provide the perfect foundation for the development of integrated water based transportation system for domestic and EXIM freight as well as passenger transport. The promotion of coastal shipping and inland navigation can benefit in removing rail and road congestion. 111 inland waterways across 24 states have been declared as National Waterways (NWs) under the National Waterways Act, 2016 to boost water based transport system. These will be developed and utilized as environment friendly and sustainable modes of transport. Ministry of Shipping is taking steps towards initiating Cruise Tourism reforms. The ministry intends to simplify Customs & Immigration processes, Single Window System for pre cruise requirements, uniform security procedures, collaboration between the Bureau of Immigration and CISF.


TRAFFIC HANDLED AT MAJOR PORTS

(DURING APRIL TO JUNE, 2017* VIS-A-VIS APRIL TO JUNE, 2016)






(in ' 000 Tonne)

 

PORTS

April to June

 

 

 

% Variation

 

 

Traffic

 

 

 

against previous

 

 

2017*

2016

year traffic

 

1

2

 

3

 

4

 

 

Kolkata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kolkata Dock System

4036

 

4250

 

-5.04

 

 

Haldia Dock Complex

9508

 

8243

 

15.35

 

 

Total: Kolkata

13544

 

12493

 

8.41

 

 

Paradip

24436

 

20599

 

18.63

 

 

Visakhapatnam

15107

 

15602

 

-3.17

 

 

Kamarajar (Ennore)

7969

 

7745

 

2.89

 

 

Chennai

12677

 

13141

 

-3.53

 

 

V.o. Chidambaranar

9042

 

9603

 

-5.84

 

 

Cochin

7171

 

6061

 

18.31

 

 

New Mangalore

9963

 

8483

 

17.45

 

 

Mormugao

8278

 

8462

 

-2.17

 

 

Mumbai

15571

 

15140

 

2.85

 

 

Jnpt

16347

 

15902

 

2.80

 

 

Kandla

27189

 

26031

 

4.45

 

 

TOTAL:

167294

 

159262

 

5.04

 

 








 

Source: Indian Ports Association



(*) Tentative



 

 

Acceleratingimplementation of Sagarmala programme can be a game changer in the economicdevelopment of the country as all connected geographies would flourish due toincrease volume of domestic and international trade. Ministry of Shipping hasset a target capacity of over 3,130 MMT of cargo by 2020, mainly driven byprivate sector participation. Non-major ports are expected to generate over 50per cent of this capacity. The increase in cargo traffic is likely to push upthe need to augment port infrastructure rapidly and be ready to face the future.The Centre plans to set up low-cost non-major ports along coastline under theSagarmala project. This would boost local trade and remove congestion from theexisting ports.

                                                                                                                                   

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                              


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