Jan 1 2014 | Focus

Safety and speed matters

The safety of construction workers is of paramount importance while building any structure. The material and technology used in scaffolding systems and solutions plays a vital role to ensure the safety aspect in any construction project. A scaffold can be termed as a temporary structure which is erected to provide and support working platforms to conduct construction activities. This includesmodular/prefabricated scaffold, cantilevered scaffold, tube and coupler scaffold, spur scaffold, suspended scaffold and hung scaffold. The best practices that ensures the safety aspect in a scaffold system includes the following: 1) Employ trained and skilled workers not only to erect safe scaffold system but also to conduct construction activity using this scaffolding system and solutions. 2) The base on which scaffold system is built should be checked for ground conditions, slopes should be avoided, obstructions in the path of surface elevation including overhead wires, trees, etc. needs to be factored in before building the scaffold system. 3) The load taking capacity of the scaffold structure should be known and maintained at all times. 4) Making use of guardrails and ensuring working platforms are fully planked can go a long way in ensuring workers safety and smooth operations. 5) Once the installation of the scaffold is complete, the inspection should be carried out by a competent person and safety certification should be provided before the actual use of the scaffold structure.

Formwork involves the pouring of concrete into preformed molds usually temporary to create concrete structures. Different formwork systems can be chosen to provide wide range of concrete construction solutions such as columns, stairways, walls, slab floors, elevator shafts and walkways. The main types of modern formwork systems in use are table form/flying form, system column formwork, horizontal panel, slip form and tunnel form. These formwork systems are mostly modular and are designed for speed and efficiency. Modern formwork systems when compared to traditional formwork offers safe working environment and better overall finish of concrete. Modern buildings mainly the taller buildings can be very complex and may require sophisticated and customized formwork solutions to speed up project development.

CHALLENGES

The challenges for the scaffolding and formwork industry are manifold. Some of these are lack of skilled and trained manpower to execute installation and formwork design and layout, standardization of material, fluctuations in raw material cost, adherence to proper inspection and certification process. The layout of concrete formwork systems is the most important factor to be considered in the formwork construction besides even the design and selection of the formwork systems. The finished structure very much depends on the formwork layout. Greater degree of precision is considered quite challenging in the drafting of the formwork systems. Use of 3D CADD systems helps in creating the right design of the formwork layout. The mainchallenge lies in providing quality scaffolding and formwork system which is both sustainable and cost effective.

INDUSTRY PLAYERS

PERI has been successfully operating in India since 2006 located in the western suburb of Mumbai. PERI offers comprehensive services around formwork and scaffolding technology, perfectly tailored to the needs of the construction industry. The broad range of equipment and systems offers the perfect solution for every requirement: formwork girders, panel and wall formwork, column formwork, slab formwork, climbing scaffold, platform systems, self-climbing formwork, shoring, slab props, push-pull props, form lining, brace frames for single-face concreting as well as anchoring systems.

Doka Group is one of the world leaders in developing, manufacturing and distributing formwork technology for use in all fields of the construction sector. With more than 160 sales and logistics facilities in over 70 countries, the Doka Group has a highly efficient distribution network which ensures that equipment and technical support are provided swiftly and professionally.

Pranav Construction Systems Pvt Ltd is a leading solution provider for formwork, launching, scaffolding, staging, shuttering, tunneling/construction equipment, decking, column and also design and manufacturing of engineered products for the construction industry in India.

Devco India is part of the scaffold industry for the last four decades. They provide complete solution for scaffolds. Their product line comprises various scaffolding accessories, scaffolding frames, cup-lock systems and scaffolding stairs to name a few. Skipper Ltd is one of largest steel scaffolding manufacturer in India with ISO certification. Their products are manufactured in adherence to ASTM, BS/EN and BIS norms. The product range includes scaffold tubes, couplers, cup-lock system, kwick stage systems, props and jacks, scaffold planks and frame systems.

Wheels Scaffolding (India) Ltd is a global scaffolding company with ISO 9001-2000 certification, established in 2001, having proven expertise in the manufacturing steel scaffolding and formwork systems with widest possible combinations for building and construction industries.

BSL Scaffolding Ltd was established in 1985-86. The product range includes forged steel couplers, pressed steel couplers, top lock system, q stage system, flexi lock system, frame system, screw jack & base plate, prop / post shore, walk boards, formwork products, etc.

Layher is the world’s largest producer of modular scaffolding system. Germany based Layher operates in India through its subsidiary - Layher Scaffolding Systems Pvt Ltd. The Layher all roundscaffolding is widely known for their modular scaffold systems. With its unique connection method, it is used as work scaffolds, birdcage scaffolding, protective scaffolding, façade scaffolding or supporting structure, as interior scaffolding, rolling tower and ceiling scaffold. The Layher SpeedyScaf range is quick-to-assemble insertion frame scaffolding system and is perfect solution for any façade.

Uday Structurals & Engineers offers scaffolding and formwork solutions. Their product range includes H beam formwork system, slab support system. They are into manufacturing of the scaffolding systems, rental of the equipment for short term or single time use as well as for contracting purposes.

PASCHAL Group is an internationally acclaimed provider for services, distribution, and production of concrete formworks, support systems, and formwork planning software.

MARKET POTENTIAL

With the growth in construction activities across India, the demand for formwork and scaffolding is on the rise. The industry is picking up more business by introducing quality systems and solutions. Jasmeet Singh, Deputy Director, FICCI while addressing ‘The Big 5 Construct India 2013’ event had recently said that the approximate
contribution of Indian construction industry is 8% of GDP in 2011-12. The industry grew by 5.9% in 2012-13 compared to 5.6% in 2011-12. As per the PwC report, the Indian construction industry is likely to see investments worth over US$ 906 bn during 2012-2016. Out of this the industrial and infrastructure sectors are expected to
attract 57% of the share while growing at a CAGR of 17.2% with the aggregate size of US$ 524 bn during this period. The real estate sector is expected to account for 43% share and expected to grow at a CAGR of 13.6%, aggregating US$ 382 bn during this period. With so much of investment planned in the construction and
infrastructure sector, it is imperative that the future of scaffolding and formwork industry is bright and growth would multiply manifold in years to come.

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